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North American Hardwood Lumber Species

Through the expertise of its experienced team members, VEXCO can offer hardwood lumber thicknesses ranging from 26mm to 76mm (4/4 to 12/4) to its customers.

At VEXCO, we master the technique of kiln drying, since it is controlled by a computer constantly analyzing the process. Also, we can offer our customers a range of very thick wood that distinguishes us from the whole market. In addition, VEXCO keeps over 3 millions (7080m3) BF inventory of hardwood lumber in a temperature controlled warehouse to respond promptly to customer needs.


RED OAK (Quercus Rubra)

Oak wood is hard and solid. To the touch, oak has an open and coarse-textured grain and porous ring. The colour of red oak wood ranges from light pink to dark reddish brown. This sturdy wood is ideal for caskets, floor coverings and turnings. Woodworkers also appreciate its qualities for crafting furniture, mouldings and architectural millwork.

BLACK WALNUT (Juglans nigra)

Walnut wood has a fine grain with diffuse pores. Its sapwood ranges from white to light brown. Its heartwood is chocolate brown. Walnut is highly prized for valuable items such as high-end furniture and caskets. It is also used in cabinetmaking for mouldings and architectural millwork.

WHITE OAK (Quercus alba)

The sapwood of white oak is nearly white, whereas its heartwood is greyish brown. It has an open and coarse-textured grain with porous ring. The characteristics of white oak make its wood perfect for furniture, floor coverings, mouldings, architectural millwork, turnings and caskets.

BLACK CHERRY (Prunus serotina)

Cherry is a high quality wood with a fine grain. The dark red to brownish red colour of the heartwood gives it a luxurious and elegant look. Its sapwood ranges from white to creamy light yellow. Cherry wood is used for making high-end furniture, architectural millwork, mouldings and other items. It is a great wood for cabinetmaking and also for flooring.

WHITE ASH (Fraxinus americana)

The characteristics of this wood particularly suit Quebec’s climate. Ash wood is used among other things for making sports equipment such as snowshoes and hockey sticks. Its sapwood is creamy white and its heartwood ranges from light to dark brown. Ash has an open and coarse-textured grain with porous ring. It is therefore an ideal wood for furniture, floor coverings, mouldings, architectural millwork and tool handles.

YELLOW BIRCH (Betula alleghaniensis)

Its sapwood ranges from creamy white to pale yellow. Its heartwood is rather reddish brown. Yellow birch wood is 25% softer than sugar maple wood. However, its grain is similar. This species is used for furniture, flooring, mouldings, architectural millwork and turnings.

HARD MAPLE (Acer saccharum)

The sapwood of sugar maple is ivory white with a slight reddish brown tinge. Its heartwood is greyish brown to dark tan. Its closed and even grain polishes extremely well. Highly workable, sugar maple sapwood is often used by cabinetmakers for mouldings, furniture, architectural millwork and decorative trim. It can also be easily used for flooring and sports equipment.

SOFT MAPLE (Acer rubrum)

Red maple features a whitish sapwood, which is slightly paler than that of sugar maple. Its heartwood ranges from grey to reddish brown, with brown streaks. The grain of red maple is similar to that of sugar maple, but 25% softer. This makes it an excellent choice for furniture, mouldings, architectural millwork and turnery.


We offer kiln dry and green hardwood lumber.